KARLE, JEROME (1918– ), U.S. physicist and Nobel Laureate. He was born in New York City and educated at Abraham Lincoln High School before graduating with a B.S. from City College, New York (1933), an M.A. in biology from Harvard (1938), and a Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of Michigan. After working on the Manhattan Project at the University of Chicago (1944), he joined the Naval Research Laboratory, Washington (1946) as head of the Electron Diffraction Section (1946–68) and subsequently as chief scientist in the Laboratory for the Structure of Matter. He was also professor at the University of Maryland (1951–70). His research interests are crystallography and the structure of a broad range of macromolecules. Karle won the Nobel Prize in chemistry (1985) jointly with herbert hauptman for his contributions to determining the structure of complex molecules by mathematical analysis of crystallographic observations. His later work analyzed the application of quantum crystallography to analyzing organic molecules. He served as chairman of the National Research Council (1973–75) and president of the International Union of Crystallography (1981–84). He was a member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences. He had a special interest in social issues of scientific research and ecological problems. He worked collaboratively with Isabella Lugoski, whom he married in 1942. (Michael Denman (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Karle , Jerome — (1918–) American physicist Born in Brooklyn, New York, Karle was educated at the City College there and at the University of Michigan, where he obtained his PhD in 1943. After working on the Manhattan Project in Chicago, Karle moved in 1946 to… …   Scientists

  • Karle, Jerome — ▪ American crystallographer born June 18, 1918, New York, N.Y., U.S.       American crystallographer who, along with Herbert A. Hauptman (Hauptman, Herbert A.), was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1985 for their development of… …   Universalium

  • Karle, Jerome — ► (n. 1917) Fisico químico estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de Química 1985, compartido con Herbert A. Hauptman, por su contribución a la determinación de estructuras cristalinas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Karle — Jerome …   Scientists

  • Karle — Karle, Jerome …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jerome Karle — (18 juin 1918 à New York) est un chimiste américain. Herbert Aaron Hauptman et lui sont colauréats du prix Nobel de chimie de 1985 pour « leurs réalisations remarquables dans la mise au point de méthodes directes de détermination des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jerome Karle — (* 18. Juni 1918 in New York City als Jerome Karfunkel) ist ein US amerikanischer Physikochemiker und Kristallograph. Er erhielt 1985 den Nobelpreis für Chemie zusammen mit Herbert A. Hauptman für seine Beiträge zur Entwicklung „direkter… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jerome Karle — Nacimiento 18 de junio de 1918 (93 años) Nueva York Nacionalidad …   Wikipedia Español

  • Karle (Begriffsklärung) — Karle beschreibt Karle, Gemeinde im Okres Svitavy, Tschechien den deutschen Namen des Ortes Karlov (Paseka), Okres Olomouc, Tschechien Alexandra Karle (* 1967), deutsche Fernsehmoderatorin Jerome Karle (* 1918), US amerikanischer Physikochemiker… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jerome Karle — es un científico estadounidense, nacido 1918 en Nueva York. Se doctoró en química física por la Universidad de Detroit en Michigan el año 1944 y fue director de investigación sobre estructura de la materia en el Laboratorio Naval de los Estados… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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